Similarly, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child states in Article 23 that children with a disability have the right to enjoy a ‘full and decent life’ and lays out the actions State Parties can take to support this.
The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child published their General Comment No. 9 in 2006 on ‘the Right of Children with Disabilities’, which details steps that States should take to ensure the rights of disabled children are fulfilled.
The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities works to monitor the implementation of the Convention in the countries in which it has been ratified.
Two years after its ratification of the CRPD, the UK Government published their State report to the Committee in 2011. The purpose of the first State report is for the UK Government to set out how they are implementing the Convention.
The UK was reviewed for the first time by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2017. Their Concluding Observations, published in August 2017, raised concerns on a number of issues relating to the discrimination of people with disabilities in the UK. In particular, the Committee highlighted the negative impacts of austerity measures and welfare reform on disabled people.
Under article 7 of the CRPD which address children with disabilities, the Committee made recommendations on the following:
- Reducing levels of poverty among families with disabled children;
- Provision of adequate childcare for disabled children;
- Taking action to stop bullying, hate speech and hate crime against disabled children;
- Ensuring that laws and policies affecting disabled children take a rights-based approach;
- Establishing a monitoring process to review the experiences of disabled children in school.